Template:IPAc-en

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Template documentation
This documentation is transcluded from Template:IPAc-en/doc. [edit] [purge]
Template:IPAc-en invokes function main in Module:IPAc-en using Lua.

Note: Per RS:PRON, do not use this template in the lead section for common English words or compound words (e.g., Sword, Man, Spinebeam, Longbow, etc.).

This template is used to display English International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) characters. The pronunciation is broken into individual diaphonemes so that they will have tooltips (mouse-over text) to indicate pronunciation. All diaphonemes from Help:IPA/English are available.

The transcription system of Help:IPA/English, upon which this template relies, is diaphonemic, i.e. meant to cover multiple major varieties of English at once. If you wish to give a narrow transcription of a pronunciation in a certain variety of English, use {{IPA-all}} instead.

The initial argument (entry after |) can be used to indicate a pronunciation prescript; link to IPA. The codes are:

Pronunciation & IPA link codes
Code Output
lang English:
local locally
ipa IPA:
also also
uk UK:
us US:
uklang British English:
uslang American English:
ukalso UK also
usalso US also
alsouk also UK:
alsous also US:

The first argument that is not a code above will be treated as a diaphoneme. All diaphonemes listed at [[Help:IPA/English]] are available (except the ones that span two syllables such as /aɪ.ər/, /iːər/ and /iə/, which need to be input as aɪ|.|ər, iː|ər and i|ə). Also available are /ɪəˈr/, /ɛəˈr/, /ʊəˈr/, /ɪəˌr/, /ɛəˌr/, and /ʊəˌr/, preserved for when a centering diphthong precedes a stress.

Separator codes

Use an underscore _ to separate words. When multiple pronunciations for the same word(s) are possible, use a comma and an underscore ,_ to separate the variants which will appear as a comma. As necessary, use a hyphen - to indicate omitted syllables. Diaphonemes are underlined, but separators are not, and separators do not have any tooltip text.

See the collapsed table below for a full list of diaphoneme codes.

Code Aliases Display text Tooltip Type
b b 'b' in 'buy' diaphoneme
d d 'd' in 'dye' diaphoneme
dj dy, dj /dj/: 'd' in 'dew' diaphoneme
dZ, ʤ /dʒ/: 'j' in 'jam' diaphoneme
ð D ð /ð/: 'th' in 'thy' diaphoneme
f f 'f' in 'find' diaphoneme
ɡ g ɡ /ɡ/: 'g' in 'guy' diaphoneme
h h 'h' in 'hi' diaphoneme
hw ʍ hw /hw/: 'wh' in 'why' diaphoneme
j y j /j/: 'y' in 'yes' diaphoneme
k k 'k' in 'kind' diaphoneme
l l 'l' in 'lie' diaphoneme
lj ly, lj /lj/: 'l' in 'lute' diaphoneme
m m 'm' in 'my' diaphoneme
n n 'n' in 'nigh' diaphoneme
nj ny, nj /nj/: 'n' in 'new' diaphoneme
ŋ N, ng ŋ /ŋ/: 'ng' in 'sing' diaphoneme
p p 'p' in 'pie' diaphoneme
r ɹ, ɻ r 'r' in 'rye' diaphoneme
s s 's' in 'sigh' diaphoneme
sj sy, sj /sj/: 's' in 'consume' diaphoneme
ʃ S, sh ʃ /ʃ/: 'sh' in 'shy' diaphoneme
t t 't' in 'tie' diaphoneme
tj ty, tj /tj/: 't' in 'tune' diaphoneme
tS, ʧ, ch /tʃ/: 'ch' in 'China' diaphoneme
θ T θ /θ/: 'th' in 'thigh' diaphoneme
θj θy, θʲ θj /θj/: 'th' in 'enthuse' diaphoneme
v v 'v' in 'vie' diaphoneme
w w 'w' in 'wind' diaphoneme
z z 'z' in 'zoom' diaphoneme
zj zy, zj /zj/: 'Z' in 'Zeus' diaphoneme
ʒ Z, zh ʒ /ʒ/: 's' in 'pleasure' diaphoneme
ɑː A:, ɑ:, , a: ɑː /ɑː/: 'a' in 'father' diaphoneme
ɑːr ɑɹ, aːr, a:r, ɑ:r, ɑr ɑːr /ɑːr/: 'ar' in 'far' diaphoneme
ɒ Q ɒ /ɒ/: 'o' in 'body' diaphoneme
ɒr Qr ɒr /ɒr/: 'or' in 'moral' diaphoneme
æ ae, { æ /æ/: 'a' in 'bad' diaphoneme
ær aer, &r, æɹ ær /ær/: 'arr' in 'marry' diaphoneme
ai, aI /aɪ/: 'i' in 'tide' diaphoneme
aɪər aɪr, aIr, aɪə aɪər /aɪər/: 'ire' in 'fire' diaphoneme
au, aU /aʊ/: 'ou' in 'mouth' diaphoneme
aʊər aʊr, aUr, aʊə, aur aʊər /aʊər/: 'our' in 'hour' diaphoneme
ɛ E ɛ /ɛ/: 'e' in 'dress' diaphoneme
ɛr Er ɛr /ɛr/: 'err' in 'merry' diaphoneme
ei, eI, , e: /eɪ/: 'a' in 'face' diaphoneme
ɛər eir, eIr, [email protected], [email protected], ɛɪɹ, eɪr, eːr, e:r, ɛəɹ, ɛə, ɛːr, ɛ:r, ɛː, ɛ:, E:, E:r ɛər /ɛər/: 'are' in 'bare' diaphoneme
ɛəˈr ɛə'r, eəˈr, eə'r, [email protected]'r, [email protected]'r, ɛːˈr, E:'r ɛəˈr /ɛəˈr/: 'ere' in 'thereof' diaphoneme
ɛəˌr ɛə,r, eəˌr, eə,r, [email protected],r, [email protected]%r, [email protected],r, [email protected]%r, ɛːˌr, E:,r, E:%r ɛəˌr /ɛəˌr/: 'ere' in 'thereof' diaphoneme
ɪ I, ɪ /ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit' diaphoneme
ɪr ɪr /ɪr/: 'irr' in 'mirror' diaphoneme
i: /iː/: 'ee' in 'fleece' diaphoneme
ɪər i:r, iːr, [email protected], [email protected], ɪəɹ, iːɹ, ɪə ɪər /ɪər/: 'ear' in 'near' diaphoneme
ɪəˈr ɪə'r, [email protected]'r ɪəˈr /ɪəˈr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal' diaphoneme
ɪəˌr ɪə,r, [email protected],r, [email protected]%r ɪəˌr /ɪəˌr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal' diaphoneme
o:, , ou, oU, @u, @U, əʊ, əu, oʊ- /oʊ/: 'o' in 'code' diaphoneme
ɔː O, O:, ɔ:, ɒː, Q: ɔː /ɔː/: 'au' in 'fraud' diaphoneme
ɔːr Or, ɔɹ, ɔ(r), ɔr, ɔər, oUr, ɔəɹ, ɔʊɹ, oʊɹ, oʊr, oːr, o:r, ɔə, ɔə(r) ɔːr /ɔːr/: 'ar' in 'war' diaphoneme
ɔɪ oj, ɔj, oi, , ɔi, OI, oy ɔɪ /ɔɪ/: 'oi' in 'choice' diaphoneme
ɔɪər ɔɪr, oyr, ɔɪə ɔɪər /ɔɪər/: 'oir' in 'loir' diaphoneme
ʊ U, ᵿ ʊ /ʊ/: 'u' in 'push' diaphoneme
ʊr Ur ʊr /ʊr/: 'our' in 'courier' diaphoneme
u: /uː/: 'oo' in 'goose' diaphoneme
ʊər u:r, uːr, [email protected], [email protected], ʊəɹ, ʊə ʊər /ʊər/: 'our' in 'tour' diaphoneme
ʊəˈr ʊə'r, [email protected]'r ʊəˈr /ʊəˈr/: 'ur' in 'plurality' diaphoneme
ʊəˌr ʊə,r, [email protected],r, [email protected]%r ʊəˌr /ʊəˌr/: 'ur' in 'plurality' diaphoneme
ʌ V ʌ /ʌ/: 'u' in 'cut' diaphoneme
ʌr Vr, ʌɹ ʌr /ʌr/: 'urr' in 'hurry' diaphoneme
ɜːr ɝː, ɝ, 3r, 3:r, əːr, @:r, ɜɹ, ɜ(r), ɜr ɜːr /ɜːr/: 'ur' in 'fur' diaphoneme
ə @ ə /ə/: 'a' in 'about' diaphoneme
ər ɚ, @r, əɹ, ə(r) ər /ər/: 'er' in 'letter' diaphoneme
əl @l, ᵊl, əl /əl/: 'le' in 'bottle' diaphoneme
ən @n, ᵊn, ən /ən/: 'on' in 'button' diaphoneme
əm @m, ᵊm, əm /əm/: 'm' in 'rhythm' diaphoneme
i i /i/: 'y' in 'happy' diaphoneme
u u /u/: 'u' in 'influence' diaphoneme
x kh x /x/: 'ch' in 'loch' diaphoneme
ʔ ? ʔ /ʔ/: the catch in 'uh-oh' diaphoneme
ɒ̃ ɑ̃, ɒ~, ɑ~, Q~ ɒ̃ /ɒ̃/: nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
æ̃ ae~, {~, ã, a~ æ̃ /æ̃/: nasal 'in' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
ɜː 3, 3:, ɜ:, ɜ, əː, @: ɜː /ɜː/: r-less 'ur' in 'nurse' diaphoneme
ˈ ', " ˈ /ˈ/: primary stress follows diaphoneme
ˌ ,, % ˌ /ˌ/: secondary stress follows diaphoneme
. · . /./: syllable break diaphoneme
# # /#/: morpheme break diaphoneme
! /: prosodic break (minor) diaphoneme
!! /‖/: prosodic break (major) diaphoneme
_ separator
nbsp   separator
,_ , separator
- - separator
( ( separator
) ) separator
...  ... separator

The named parameter audio= may be used to link to an audio file.

Examples

Examples using SAMPA spelling for individual diaphonemes:

If "[invalid input]" is displayed, it means that an unsupported input was used. Such instances are tallied at Category:Ill-formatted IPAc-en transclusions, where they can be reviewed and fixed.

See also