Free-to-play Mining training

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This article is about non-members methods of training the Mining skill. For members' methods of training Mining, see Pay-to-play Mining training.

Introduction[edit | edit source]

A rockertunity

This guide describes the most effective free-to-play methods to train the Mining skill. Mining is a gathering skill which typically involves collecting ores from different types of ore rock; ore rocks are often found in groups at mining sites. Players can also occasionally obtain uncut gems and geodes while mining. A pickaxe is required when mining. Levelling up the Mining skill increases the chance of the player getting critical hits, which deal greater amounts of damage to rocks and so increase the rate of receiving ores and the larger experience drop that occurs alongside this. A higher Mining level gives chances of receiving double ores from certain types of rock; and increases the frequency of rockertunities, which also grant extra damage when used. As players level up they are also able to use better pickaxes. To gain the best experience rates possible players are strongly recommended to use the highest level pickaxe available to them and use rockertunities whenever available.

The experience rate estimates in this guide assume that the best possible pickaxe is being used for the stated Mining level and do not incorporate the use of any experience boosting items or bonus experience. They also assume that players do not bank the ores that they obtain. Banking ores decreases the amount of experience players can gain per hour and, as most ores are not very valuable, is usually not worth the time taken from Mining training. Players using the Evolution of Combat mode can drop ores by adding the ore to their action bar and pressing the associated keybind to drop the ore. As opposed to dropping items directly from the inventory using their right-click drop option, dropping ores via the action bar does not interrupt mining. Players who do wish to keep the ores that they mine could make use of the ore box, and expansions to its capacity to decrease the frequency of trips to the bank.

Pickaxes[edit | edit source]

Pickaxe of earth and song detail.png

Higher level pickaxes deal greater amounts of damage to rocks and so increase the rate of receiving ores and the larger experience drop that occurs alongside this. Pickaxes may be used from the player's inventory or tool belt or whilst being equipped.

Level required Pickaxe Average damage done to rock
1 Bronze pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Bronze pickaxeBronze pickaxe 5
10 Iron pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Iron pickaxeIron pickaxe 10
Iron pickaxe + 1.png: Inventory image of Iron pickaxe + 1Iron pickaxe + 1 11
20 Steel pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Steel pickaxeSteel pickaxe 20
Steel pickaxe + 1.png: Inventory image of Steel pickaxe + 1Steel pickaxe + 1 21
30 Mithril pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Mithril pickaxeMithril pickaxe 30
Mithril pickaxe + 1.png: Inventory image of Mithril pickaxe + 1Mithril pickaxe + 1 31
Mithril pickaxe + 2.png: Inventory image of Mithril pickaxe + 2Mithril pickaxe + 2 32
40 Adamant pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Adamant pickaxeAdamant pickaxe 40
Adamant pickaxe + 1.png: Inventory image of Adamant pickaxe + 1Adamant pickaxe + 1 41
Adamant pickaxe + 2.png: Inventory image of Adamant pickaxe + 2Adamant pickaxe + 2 42
50 Rune pickaxe.png: Inventory image of Rune pickaxeRune pickaxe 50
Rune pickaxe + 1.png: Inventory image of Rune pickaxe + 1Rune pickaxe + 1 51
Rune pickaxe + 2.png: Inventory image of Rune pickaxe + 2Rune pickaxe + 2 52
Rune pickaxe + 3.png: Inventory image of Rune pickaxe + 3Rune pickaxe + 3 53

Urns[edit | edit source]

Decorated mining urn detail.png

Urns can be used to gain additional Mining experience while training. When held in the inventory, urns are filled as the player mines ore. Only base experience gains counts towards filling the urn. Full urns can be teleported away to receive additional experience, equivalent to 20% of the Mining experience gained while filling the urn. Only one urn is filled at a time, though players may own up to a total of 10 full urns. If a player owns 10 full mining urns they must teleport at least 1 away before they can fill more urns. Urns are only tradeable in their (nr), non-runed, forms. In order to use a mining urn the player must add an earth rune to it, this makes the urn untradeable.

Image Name Crafting level required to add rune GE price of non-runed urn Charges gained from Type of ore Experience required to fill Experience gained from teleporting
Cracked mining urn.png Cracked mining urn 1 896 Ores available at level 1 Clay
Copper ore
Tin ore
Rune essence
437.5 87.5
Fragile mining urn.png Fragile mining urn 17 386 Ores up to and including level 20 The above, plus:
Iron ore
Blurite ore
Silver ore
Daeyalt ore
1,000 200
Plain mining urn.png Plain mining urn 32 1,936 Ores up to and including level 40 The above, plus:
Mithril ore
Pure essence
Adamantite ore
Luminite ore
Gold ore
1,625 325
Strong mining urn.png Strong mining urn 48 1,961 Ores up to and including level 70 The above, plus:
Runite ore
Orichalcite ore
Drakolith ore
Necrite ore
Phasmatite ore
2,000 400

Summary[edit | edit source]

See here to calculate how many ores will be obtained during training. The following figures do not include boosts nor urns.

Levels Method Experience per hour
1-10 Copper/tin 5,000
10-20 Iron 15,000
20-30 Coal 25,000
30-40 Mithril 40,000
40-50 Adamantite/Luminite 45,000
50-99+ Runite 60,000

Levels 1-10: Copper/Tin[edit | edit source]

Copper ore detail.png

Players should begin by mining copper ore rocks and/or tin ore rocks. The Ashdale mine contains two rocks of each type close together as well as a nearby furnace for storage. Players can continually mine from the same rock, but should switch to rocks with rockertunities when these spawn. With level 1-10 Mining players should gain an experience rate equivalent to around 5,000 experience an hour, and should achieve level 10 Mining after around 10 minutes.

Levels 10-20: Iron[edit | edit source]

Iron ore detail.png

At level 10 players can start mining from iron ore rocks; these can be found in the South-west Lumbridge swamp mining site and South-west Varrock mining site. Players should gain around 15,000 experience an hour at these levels. At level 15 players unlock the "energetic mining" mining mechanic which allows the player to deal increased damage per swing to rocks while mining, if they are actively paying attention. A player's activity level/stamina is indicated by coloured sparks around the rock being mined.

Players who are fully AFK gain no bonus, and will have no visible sparks. Those who maintain full stamina, by clicking a rock every ticks/2.4 seconds, will gain 25% additional damage per swing. This is indicated by green sparks. Players who are paying a moderate amount of attention, and maintaining between 1-99% stamina gain 12.% additional damage, which is indicated by white sparks. This guide assumes that from level 15 on wards the player is maintaining a moderate level of activity; players who maintain 100% stamina may be able to gain high experience rates.

Levels 20-30: Coal[edit | edit source]

Coal detail.png

From level 20-30 Mining players should mine coal rocks. The South-west Lumbridge swamp mining site, Falador mining site, and Barbarian Village mining site contain coal rocks. At these levels players should be able to gain around 25,000 experience an hour.

Levels 30-40: Mithril[edit | edit source]

Mithril ore detail.png

With level 30 Mining players can begin mining mithril ore rocks for around 40,000 experience an hour. Mithril ore rocks can be found at the South-east Varrock mining site, South-west Varrock mining site, and Karamja Volcano mine.

Levels 40-50: Adamantite/Luminite[edit | edit source]

Luminite detail.png

At level 40 players may choose to mine adamantite ore rocks or luminite rocks; both of which give around 45,000 experience an hour. Luminite rocks are located in the Dwarven Mine; while adamantite ore rocks can be found at the Rimmington mining site and South-east Varrock mining site.

Levels 50-99+: Runite[edit | edit source]

Runite ore detail.png

Runite ore rocks can be mined with at least level 50 Mining. The rocks can be mined in the South and North Crandor mining sites and in the Mining Guild, after level 60 Mining. This gives around 60,000 experience an hour, at level 50 Mining.

Money making using the Mining skill[edit | edit source]

Mining clay[edit | edit source]

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
None 4,200 Mining 393,960 Money making guide/Mining clay

Mining iron ore[edit | edit source]

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
15 Mining
15 Dungeoneering

29 Multicombat.png

33,600 Mining 395,520 Money making guide/Mining iron ore

Mining adamantite ore[edit | edit source]

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
40+ Mining
45,000 Mining 78,994 Money making guide/Mining adamantite ore

Mining luminite ore[edit | edit source]

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
40+ Mining
15 Dungeoneering (recommended)
57,000 Mining 384,710 Money making guide/Mining luminite ore

Mining runite ore[edit | edit source]

Level required Experience per hour Profit per hour Details of method
50+ Mining 60,000 Mining 129,328 Money making guide/Mining runite ore