Calculator:Herblore/Efficient Profit
This calculator shows profit/losses from training the Herblore skill efficiently. This calculator assumes that you are making potions from grimy herbs, using a Portable well, have the Scroll of cleansing, and are decanting into Potion flasks. These numbers are estimates based on the likelihood of the effects of the portable well and the scroll of cleansing, but they are quite reliable. Untradeable potions and potions requiring untradeable ingredients are omitted as this guide/calculator is designed for bulk training with concern for profit.
Reasoning:[edit source]
Grimy herbs: Grimy herbs are frequently cheaper than their clean alternatives and the experience from cleaning them is not negligible, as opposed to making unfinished potions. If profit/expenditure is your main concern, cleaning your own herbs and making your own unfinished potions is worth the time.
Portable well: The portable well boosts Herblore experience by 10% and gives a 5% chance of making an extra potion (10% with Brooch of the Gods. This 5% is applied when making unfinished potions and again when finishing potions with secondary ingredients. Portable wells are frequently hosted at the Lumbridge Market, which you can use at no cost to you, though it is nice to help out the community by deploying some portable wells that you have purchased.
Modified botanist's mask: This provides a 5% chance of duplicate potions.
Factory outfit: This provides a 10% chance of creating 4dose potions.
Botanist's amulet: This provides an additional 5% chance of creating 4dose potions.
Scroll of cleansing: The scroll of cleansing can be purchased from rewards trader in Daemonheim for 20,000 Dungeoneering tokens. The scroll gives a 12.5% chance that a potion will be created twice as fast as usual. The scroll also gives a 10% chance of salvaging a herb added to a vial of water and salvaging a secondary ingredient when added to an unfinished potion.
Decanting to potion flasks: Decanting to flasks does not always increase profit. To see if decanting is profitable, check the Calculator:Herblore/Flask decanting page. However, decanting to flasks can be done for free, in bulk (noted items), and almost instantly with the help of Teplin Macagan after completion of As a First Resort. Because this can be done so quickly, can be immensely profitable, and if profit is your motive, I highly suggest only making potions which are profitable to decant. Note that the Grand Exchange limits players to buying 1,000 potion flasks per 4 hours. This means that a maximum of 6,000 flasks can be purchased during 1 day under optimal circumstances.
All of these boosts should net on average 1476 3dose potions.
Process (standard potions):[edit source]
The following is the process to replicate (as close as possible) the optimal calculations shown in the below table. Buying 1,000 herbs was used as a way to calculate more accurate averages for the sake of representation. With smaller sample sizes, results will vary more widely, but over time will average out to the calculations shown in the below table.
1. Buy 1,000 grimy variants of the herb for your selected potion. Herbs can be slower to purchase at GE market prices, but the more profitable potions can still turn a significant profit even while buying herbs at higherthanmarket price.
2. Clean your grimy herbs. This is done fastest by setting a bank preset for quick withdrawing.
3. Find a world where a portable well is being hosted. This information can be found by searching for 'portable locations' in the RuneScape forums.
4. Add your herbs to vials of water using the portable well. By adding 1,000 herbs to vials of water, you will yield (on average) 1100 unfinished potions due to the effect of the portable well with the Brooch of the Gods. Due to the effect of the scroll of cleansing, you will have saved (on average) 100 herbs. By adding those 100 herbs to vials of water, you will yield (on average) 105 unfinished potions and saved (on average) 10 herbs. By adding those 10 herbs to vials of water, you will yield (on average) 10 unfinished potions and saved (on average) 1 herb. This herb (on average) will make 1 unfinished potion and will not be saved. This process will yield in total, and of course on average, 1,166 unfinished potions and use 1,111 vials of water.
5. Due to the 10% chance to save secondary ingredients, your 1,166 unfinished potions will require (on average) 1,060 secondary ingredients. (1,060 * 1.1 = 1,166) Buy a little more than this amount (to avoid having to go back to the Grand exchange) and add them to your unfinished potions at the portable well. The 5% chance to make an extra potion will be applied again over this process at the portable well. This will yield (on average) 1,224 finished 3dose potions.
6. Buy 723 (half the amount of your 3dose potions rounded down) Potion flasks at the Grand exchange. Bring your noted potion flasks and noted 3dose potions to Teplin Macagan and have him decant your potions into your flasks. Sell these flasks at the grand exchange. It may take some time for your flasks to sell at market prices, but again the more profitable potions may still turn a significant profit even selling at a little lower than market price.
 (*) The column "gain" shows Profit * (Experience^Sigma), where Sigma the sign of Profit (Sigma = Profit/abs(Profit)). This way, if making the potion leads to a loss the column show gp/xp (how much money is spent per experience). However, if a profit is made, the column shows the product of Profit and Experience, such that the potion which maximizes both gp and xp ranks the highest.
Potion  Level Req. 
XP  Cost of Initial Ingredients  Cost of 1111 Secondary Ingredients 
Total Cost of 1475 Potions 
Price of 1475 Potions 
Profit/Loss Per Herb Purchased (no flasks) 
Cost of 723 Potion Flasks 
Total Cost  Price of 723 Full Flasks 
Profit/Loss Per Herb Purchased 
Gain*  

Attack potion  1  25  1000 X Grimy guam 396,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 522,654 
1111 X Eye of newt 19,998 
542,652  1475 X Attack potion (3) 744,875 
202.22  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
14,223,258  723 X Attack flask (6) 5,454,312 
−8,768.95

−350.76  
Ranging potion  3  30  1000 X Grimy guam 396,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 522,654 
1111 X Redberries 607,717 
1,130,371  1475 X Ranging potion (3) 1,497,125 
366.75  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
14,810,977  723 X Ranging flask (6) 10,076,451 
−4,734.53

−157.82  
Magic potion  5  35  1000 X Grimy tarromin 186,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 312,654 
1111 X Yellow bead 1,330,978 
1,643,632  1475 X Magic potion (3) 1,604,800 
−38.83  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,324,238  723 X Magic flask (6) 8,227,740 
−7,096.5

−202.76  
Strength potion  7  4  1000 X Grimy tarromin 186,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 312,654 
1111 X Limpwurt root 841,027 
1,153,681  1475 X Strength potion (3) 769,950 
−383.73  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
14,834,287  723 X Strength flask (6) 7,090,461 
−7,743.83

−1,935.96  
Defence potion  9  45  1000 X Grimy marrentill 5,443,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 5,569,654 
1111 X Bear fur 959,904 
6,529,558  1475 X Defence potion (3) 3,280,400 
−3,249.16  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
20,210,164  723 X Defence flask (6) 9,970,893 
−10,239.27

−227.54  
Antipoison  13  50  1000 X Grimy marrentill 5,443,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 5,569,654 
1111 X Unicorn horn dust 1,153,218 
6,722,872  1475 X Antipoison (3) 566,400 
−6,156.47  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
20,403,478  723 X Antipoison flask (6) 16,014,450 
−4,389.03

−87.78  
Guthix rest  18  59.5  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Clean marrentill 6,720,439 
8,323,093  1475 X Guthix rest (3) 2,368,850 
−5,954.24  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
22,003,699  723 X Guthix rest flask (6) 32,122,890 
10,119.19

602,091.86  
Restore potion  22  62.5  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Red spiders' eggs 347,743 
1,950,397  1475 X Restore potion (3) 342,200 
−1,608.2  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,631,003  723 X Restore flask (6) 9,997,644 
−5,633.36

−90.13  
Energy potion  26  67.5  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Chocolate dust 922,130 
2,524,784  1475 X Energy potion (3) 649,000 
−1,875.78  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
16,205,390  723 X Energy flask (6) 10,240,572 
−5,964.82

−88.37  
Agility potion  34  80  1000 X Grimy toadflax 7,972,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 8,098,654 
1111 X Toad's legs 2,189,781 
10,288,435  1475 X Agility potion (3) 647,525 
−9,640.91  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
23,969,041  723 X Agility flask (6) 8,791,680 
−15,177.36

−189.72  
Combat potion  36  84  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Goat horn dust 968,792 
2,571,446  1475 X Combat potion (3) 522,150 
−2,049.3  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
16,252,052  723 X Combat flask (6) 9,652,050 
−6,600

−78.57  
Prayer potion  38  87.5  1000 X Grimy ranarr 4,510,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 4,636,654 
1111 X Snape grass 377,740 
5,014,394  1475 X Prayer potion (3) 9,739,425 
4,725.03  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
18,695,000  723 X Prayer flask (6) 22,597,365 
3,902.37

341,456.94  
Summoning potion  40  92  1000 X Grimy spirit weed 15,085,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 15,211,654 
1111 X Cockatrice egg 336,633 
15,548,287  1475 X Summoning potion (3) 24,923,075 
9,374.79  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
29,228,893  723 X Summoning flask (6) 35,813,082 
6,584.19

605,745.39  
Divination potion  43  97.5  1000 X Grimy spirit weed 15,085,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 15,211,654 
1111 X Rabbit foot 17,028,297 
32,239,951  1475 X Divination potion (3) 42,095,025 
9,855.07  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
45,920,557  723 X Divination flask (6) 5,496,246 
−40,424.31

−414.61  
Super attack  45  100  1000 X Grimy irit 1,124,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,250,654 
1111 X Eye of newt 19,998 
1,270,652  1475 X Super attack (3) 5,124,150 
3,853.5  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
14,951,258  723 X Super attack flask (6) 16,289,913 
1,338.66

133,865.5  
Super antipoison  48  106.3  1000 X Grimy irit 1,124,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,250,654 
1111 X Unicorn horn dust 1,153,218 
2,403,872  1475 X Super antipoison (3) 6,953,150 
4,549.28  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
16,084,478  723 X Super antipoison flask (6) 22,486,023 
6,401.55

680,484.23  
Fishing potion  50  112.5  1000 X Grimy avantoe 1,628,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,754,654 
1111 X Snape grass 377,740 
2,132,394  1475 X Fishing potion (3) 750,775 
−1,381.62  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,813,000  723 X Fishing flask (6) 5,937,999 
−9,875

−87.78  
Super energy  52  117.5  1000 X Grimy avantoe 1,628,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,754,654 
1111 X Mort myre fungus 1,367,641 
3,122,295  1475 X Super energy (3) 9,236,450 
6,114.16  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
16,802,901  723 X Super energy flask (6) 19,341,696 
2,538.8

298,308.41  
Hunter potion  53  120  1000 X Grimy avantoe 1,628,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,754,654 
1111 X Kebbit teeth dust 23,387,661 
25,142,315  1475 X Hunter potion (3) 33,776,025 
8,633.71  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
38,822,921  723 X Hunter flask (6) 25,399,713 
−13,423.21

−111.86  
Runecrafting potion  54  122.5  1000 X Grimy wergali 9,851,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 9,977,654 
1111 X Fallfaced wool 1,788,710 
11,766,364  1475 X Runecrafting potion (3) 16,947,750 
5,181.39  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
25,446,970  723 X Runecrafting flask (6) 3,065,520 
−22,381.45

−182.71  
Cooking potion  55  125  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Swordfish 226,644 
1,829,298  1475 X Cooking potion (3) 2,393,925 
564.63  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,509,904  723 X Cooking flask (6) 2,666,424 
−12,843.48

−102.75  
Super strength  55  125  1000 X Grimy kwuarm 3,634,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 3,760,654 
1111 X Limpwurt root 841,027 
4,601,681  1475 X Super strength (3) 9,428,200 
4,826.52  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
18,282,287  723 X Super strength flask (6) 21,212,097 
2,929.81

366,226.25  
Fletching potion  58  132  1000 X Grimy wergali 9,851,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 9,977,654 
1111 X Wimpy feather 423,291 
10,400,945  1475 X Fletching potion (3) 823,050 
−9,577.89  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
24,081,551  723 X Fletching flask (6) 6,843,195 
−17,238.36

−130.59  
Weapon poison  60  137.5  1000 X Grimy kwuarm 3,634,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 3,760,654 
1111 X Dragon scale dust 1,560,955 
5,321,609  1475 X Weapon poison (3) 3,655,050 
−1,666.56  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
19,002,215  723 X Weapon poison flask (6) 5,874,375 
−13,127.84

−95.48  
Super restore  63  142.5  1000 X Grimy snapdragon 1,822,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,948,654 
1111 X Red spiders' eggs 347,743 
2,296,397  1475 X Super restore (3) 4,280,450 
1,984.05  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,977,003  723 X Super restore flask (6) 18,449,514 
2,472.51

352,332.82  
Super defence  66  150  1000 X Grimy cadantine 3,988,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 4,114,654 
1111 X White berries 5,122,821 
9,237,475  1475 X Super defence (3) 15,484,550 
6,247.08  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
22,918,081  723 X Super defence flask (6) 23,970,342 
1,052.26

157,839.15  
Antipoison+  68  155  1000 X Grimy toadflax 7,972,000 1111 X Coconut milk 11,886,589 Total cost: 19,858,589 
1111 X Yew roots 923,241 
20,781,830  1475 X Antipoison+ (3) 6,330,700 
−14,451.13  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
34,462,436  723 X Antipoison+ flask (6) 31,086,831 
−3,375.6

−21.78  
Antifire  69  157.5  1000 X Grimy lantadyme 12,246,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 12,372,654 
1111 X Dragon scale dust 1,560,955 
13,933,609  1475 X Antifire (3) 24,663,475 
10,729.87  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
27,614,215  723 X Antifire flask (6) 35,179,011 
7,564.8

1,191,455.37  
Super ranging potion  72  162.5  1000 X Grimy dwarf weed 12,745,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 12,871,654 
1111 X Wine of Zamorak 7,433,701 
20,305,355  1475 X Super ranging potion (3) 29,569,325 
9,263.97  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
33,985,961  723 X Super ranging flask (6) 34,917,285 
931.32

151,340.15  
Super magic potion  76  172.5  1000 X Grimy lantadyme 12,246,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 12,372,654 
1111 X Potato cactus 955,460 
13,328,114  1475 X Super magic potion (3) 22,151,550 
8,823.44  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
27,008,720  723 X Super magic flask (6) 26,616,522 
−392.2

−2.27  
Invention potion  77  175  1000 X Grimy snapdragon 1,822,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,948,654 
1111 X Chinchompa residue 105,545 
2,054,199  1475 X Invention potion (3) 1,877,675 
−176.52  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
15,734,805  723 X Invention flask (6) 4,570,806 
−11,164

−63.79  
Zamorak brew  78  175  1000 X Grimy torstol 9,519,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 9,645,654 
1111 X Jangerberries 852,137 
10,497,791  1475 X Zamorak brew (3) 1,371,750 
−9,126.04  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
24,178,397  723 X Zamorak brew flask (6) 8,725,887 
−15,452.51

−88.3  
Antipoison++  79  177.5  1000 X Grimy irit 1,124,000 1111 X Coconut milk 11,886,589 Total cost: 13,010,589 
1111 X Magic roots 5,926,074 
18,936,663  1475 X Antipoison++ (3) 4,941,250 
−13,995.41  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
32,617,269  723 X Antipoison++ flask (6) 18,250,689 
−14,366.58

−80.94  
Saradomin brew  81  180  1000 X Grimy toadflax 7,972,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 8,098,654 
1111 X Crushed nest 351,076 
8,449,730  1475 X Saradomin brew (3) 14,398,950 
5,949.22  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
22,130,336  723 X Saradomin brew flask (6) 29,294,514 
7,164.18

1,289,552.04  
Aggression potion  82  185  1000 X Grimy bloodweed 29,006,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 29,132,654 
1111 X Searing ashes 145,908,741 
175,041,395  1475 X Aggression potion (3) 176,625,350 
1,583.96  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
188,722,001  723 X Aggression flask (6) 215,851,650 
27,129.65

5,018,985.07  
Prayer renewal  94  190  1000 X Grimy fellstalk 13,100,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 13,226,654 
1111 X Morchella mushroom 10,615,605 
23,842,259  1475 X Prayer renewal (3) 29,587,025 
5,744.77  723 X Potion flask 13,680,606 
37,522,865  723 X Prayer renewal flask (6) 35,000,430 
−2,522.43

−13.28 
Process (potions made from other potions):[edit source]
Some potions such as Super Guthix rest and Super Zamorak brew are made by adding additional ingredients to a complete potion. This changes the calculations slightly, so this type of potion is in a separate table. This guide/table assumes that you are making the initial potion from scratch.
1. Make the initial potions just as described in the first process, but do not decant the potions into flasks. This will leave you with (on average) 1,224 complete potions.
2. Due to the 10% chance to save secondary ingredients, your 1,224 potions will require (on average) 1,114 tertiary ingredients. (1,113.72 * 1.1 ≈ 1,224) Buy a little more than this amount (to avoid having to go back to the Grand exchange) and add them to your potions at the portable well. The 5% chance to make an extra potion will be applied again over this process at the portable well. This will yield (on average) 1,285 finished 3dose potions.
3. Buy 642 (half the amount of your 3dose potions rounded down) Potion flasks at the Grand exchange. Bring your noted potion flasks and noted 3dose potions to Teplin Macagan and have him decant your potions into your flasks. Sell these flasks at the grand exchange. It may take some time for your flasks to sell at market prices, but again the more profitable potions may still turn a significant profit even selling at a little lower than market price.
Potion  Level Req. 
XP  Cost of Initial Ingredients  Cost of 1111 Secondary Ingredients 
Cost of 1114 Tertiary Ingredients 
Cost of 642 Potion Flasks 
Total Cost  Price of 642 Full Flasks 
Profit/Loss Per Herb Purchased  

Guthix balance  22  50  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Red spiders' eggs 347,743 
1114 X Garlic 76,866 1114 X Silver dust 3,470,110 Total cost: 3,546,976 
642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
17,645,297  642 X Guthix balance flask (6) 15,217,968 
−2,427.33  
Super hunter  64  145  1000 X Grimy avantoe 1,628,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,754,654 
1111 X Kebbit teeth dust 23,387,661 
1114 X Rabbit teeth 130,338  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
37,420,577  642 X Super hunter flask (6) 15,532,548 
−21,888.03  
Super divination  70  160  1000 X Grimy spirit weed 15,085,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 15,211,654 
1111 X Rabbit foot 17,028,297 
1114 X Zygomite fruit 2,088,750  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
46,476,625  642 X Super divination flask (6) 26,216,712 
−20,259.91  
Super runecrafting  75  170  1000 X Grimy wergali 9,851,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 9,977,654 
1111 X Fallfaced wool 1,788,710 
1114 X Yak milk 130,958,498  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
154,872,786  642 X Super runecrafting flask (6) 80,255,778 
−74,617.01  
Super invention  87  220  1000 X Grimy snapdragon 1,822,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,948,654 
1111 X Chinchompa residue 105,545 
1114 X Spider fangs 485,704  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
14,687,827  642 X Super invention flask (6) 11,388,438 
−3,299.39
 
Super Saradomin brew  93  180  1000 X Grimy toadflax 7,972,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 8,098,654 
1111 X Crushed nest 351,076 
1114 X Wine of Saradomin 75,080,258  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
95,677,912  642 X Super Saradomin brew flask (6) 99,186,432 
3,508.52  
Super Zamorak brew  93  180  1000 X Grimy torstol 9,519,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 9,645,654 
1111 X Jangerberries 852,137 
1114 X Wine of Zamorak 7,453,774  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
30,099,489  642 X Super Zamorak brew flask (6) 14,424,456 
−15,675.03  
Super Guthix rest  93  59.5  1000 X Grimy harralander 1,476,000 1111 X Vial of water 126,654 Total cost: 1,602,654 
1111 X Clean marrentill 6,720,439 
1114 X Wine of Guthix 3,880,062  642 X Potion flask 12,147,924 
24,351,079  642 X Super Guthix brew flask (6) 27,525,750 
3,174.67 
Conclusion:[edit source]
Making the flasks in the bottom table is generally not worth it if your interest is profit. The only exception is the Super Guthix rest, which can be solid money and decent experience. If your goal is to maximize experience without losing any money, it's generally best to sort the top table by XP in descending order and pick the first potion that you can make that yields a profit. It may be that there is a higher experience, profitable potion for you if you don't decant to flasks so be sure to check out other methods!